Horus was often the ancient Egyptians' national tutelary deity. He was usually depicted as a falcon-headed man wearing the pschent, or a red and white crown, as a symbol of kingship over the entire kingdom of Egypt.
Egyptian Djhuty, in Egyptian religion, a god of the moon, of reckoning, of learning, and of writing. He was held to be the inventor of writing, the creator of languages, the scribe, interpreter, and adviser of the gods, and the representative of the sun god, Re.
Sobek was a god of the Nile who brought fertility to the land. As the “Lord of the Waters” he was thought to have risen from the primeval waters of Nun to create the world and made the Nile from his sweat. One creation myth stated that Sobek laid eggs on the bank of the waters of Nun, thus creating the world.
Anubis, also called Anpu, ancient Egyptian god of the dead, represented by a jackal or the figure of a man with the head of a jackal. His particular concern was with the funerary cult and the care of the dead; hence, he was reputed to be the inventor of embalming, an art he first employed on the corpse of Osiris.
Khnum, also spelled Khnemu, ancient Egyptian god of fertility, associated with water and with procreation. Khnum was believed to have created humankind from clay like a potter; this scene, with him using a potter's wheel, was depicted in later times.
Bastet, also called Bast, ancient Egyptian goddess worshiped in the form of a lioness and later a cat. The daughter of Re, the sun god, Bastet was an ancient deity whose ferocious nature was ameliorated after the domestication of the cat around 1500 BC. Egyptian cat statue representing the goddess Bastet.
Tefnut (tfnwt) is a deity of moisture, moist air, dew and rain in Ancient Egyptian religion. She is the sister and consort of the air god Shu and the mother of Geb and Nut.
The Ancient Egyptian goddess Taweret, 'the Great One', is depicted by scholars and in ancient Egypt as being the protective goddess of mother and child during pregnancy and childbirth. As with many ancient Egyptian deities, she goes by many names throughout.
Wadjet, also spelled Wadjit, also called Buto, Uto, or Edjo, cobra goddess of ancient Egypt. ... Wadjet and Nekhbet, the vulture-goddess of Upper Egypt, were the protective goddesses of the king and were sometimes represented together on the king's diadem, symbolizing his reign over all of Egypt.
Heqet sometimes spelled Heket, is an Egyptian goddess of fertility, identified with Hathor, represented in the form of a frog. To the Egyptians, the frog was an ancient symbol of fertility, related to the annual flooding of the Nile. Heqet was originally the female counterpart of Khnum, or the wife of Khnum by whom she became the mother of Her-ur. It has been proposed that her name is the origin of the name of Hecate, the Greek goddess of witchcraft.
Akhenaten also spelled Echnaton, Akhenaton, was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh reigning c. 1353–1336 or 1351–1334 BC, the tenth ruler of the Eighteenth Dynasty.
Amenhotep II, sometimes called Amenophis II and meaning 'Amun is Satisfied') was the seventh pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt.
Was an ancient Egyptian monarch who was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty, in the first half of the Old Kingdom period.
Ramesses II ( c. 1303–1213 BC) was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. He is often regarded as the greatest.
Was the first king of the Fourth Dynasty of ancient Egypt, who according to Manetho reigned for 24 years (2613–2589 BC).
Neferneferuaten Nefertiti c. 1370 – c. 1330 BC) was a queen of the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt, the Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten.
Tausret, also spelled Tawosret or Tausret (d. 1189 BC conventional chronology) was the last known ruler and the final Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty.
Tiye was the daughter of Yuya and Tjuyu. She became the Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep III. She was the mother of Akhenaten.
Cleopatra VII Philopator (69 BC – 10 August 30 BC) was Queen of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, and its last active ruler.
Merneith was a consort and a regent of Ancient Egypt during the First Dynasty. She may have been a ruler of Egypt in her own right.
Reigned from 1479 BC to 1425 BC according to the Low Chronology of Ancient Egypt. This has been the conventional Egyptian chronology.
Hatshepsut was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. She was the second historically confirmed female pharaoh, after Sobekneferu.
This crown was worn by rulers of Lower Egypt – the area around the Nile delta in the north of the country. Sometimes gods and goddesses are shown wearing the Red crown to associate them with the role of the king and the rulers divine right to rule the land of Egypt. Wadjet, the cobra goddess sometimes shown on the forehead of kings, can be depicted wearing the crown in her role as protector of Lower Egypt.
The Hedjet was worn by rulers of Upper Egypt – the Nile valley south of Memphis and up to the first cataract near modern Aswan. Nekhbet, the vulture goddess sometimes shown on the forehead of kings, can be depicted wearing the crown in her role as protector of Upper Egypt.
This crown is a combination of both the Deshret and Hedjet crowns symbolising the unification of Lower and Upper Egypt under a single ruler. Kings wear the crown to shown their control over all Egypt.
The Khepresh crown was often worn by pharaohs when going into war and many scenes of battle shown them wearing it. During the later 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom, many pharaohs adopted the Khepresh as their main crown and it can be seen on statuary of Amenhotep III, Akhenaten, and on the shabti figures of Tutankhamun.
The earliest depiction of the Atef Crown dates to the reign of Sahure (5th Dynasty). It consists of a central element, similar in shape to the White Crown, which is woven from plant stems and flanked by two ostrich feathers. Generally worn on top of a wig adorned with the simple circlet and horns, it may, from the New Kingdom onward, also have disks and uraei. The meaning of the word atef, which occurs from the Coffin Texts on, is disputed. It may mean "his might" or "his terror", but scholars are not sure of even this.
Another headdress, known as the Double Feathers Crown and principally called swty (The Two Feathers) by the ancient Egyptians, may have a pair of ostrich or falcon feathers. As a royal crown, this type is attested from the reign of Sneferu in the 4th Dynasty onward. The divine (ostrich) Double Feathers, apparently those of the god Anedjti, are first attested in the 6th Dynasty Pyramid Texts. The feathers also adorn gods such as Amun, Min and Montu. Like a number of other crowns, the Double Feathers, usually combined with ram horns, may be adorned with additional uraei and disks from the New Kingdom on.
The Crown of Hathor was a mystical object that was created in ancient Egypt. It was the key to locating the Spirit Gem of Nephrus, a powerful mystical gem that contained the spirit of the ancient Egyptian high priest known as Nephrus.
Isis was also known for her magical power, which enabled her to revive Osiris and to protect and heal Horus, and for her cunning. By virtue of her magical knowledge, she was said to be "more clever than a million gods". In several episodes in the New Kingdom story "The Contending's of Horus and Set", Isis uses these abilities to outmaneuver Set during his conflict with her son.
Nephthys or Nebet-Het in ancient Egyptian (Greek: Νέφθυς) was a goddess in ancient Egyptian religion. Nephthys was typically paired with her sister Isis in funerary rites because of their role as protectors of the mummy and the god Osiris and as the sister-wife of Set.
Thoth's crown is filled with symbols. The central part is the crown of Upper Egypt worn by pharaohs, which means Thoth was considered earthly royalty. The feathers of truth on each side of the center refer to Thoth's role in the judgment of the dead.
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